Surface vein thrombophlebitis and deep vein thrombosis

Sep 6, 2021


Surface vein thrombophlebitis and deep vein thrombosis

If you find a clot – a blood clot in the lumen of a superficial vein, then you have a disease called superficial vein thrombophlebitis. There can be two outcomes of events: either the clot will grow and grow until it reaches the breaking point and goes deep, or everything will stop in these tributaries and will really dissolve on its own. If you wait and go nowhere, you can only hope for a miracle. We can draw this analogy: in the past there were no antibiotics and people were wounded anyway and treated with improvised means. At the same time the wound could get infected, and as a result the person died, or the body fought back and the person recovered. But that’s a very big risk. Let’s understand what happens if the clot doesn’t resolve itself and where this whole process goes. But before that, let us note that drugs such as this one are used to treat blood clots:

From the tributaries, the clot can go to the trunk of the great or small saphenous vein, depending on the tributaries where the clot was originally found. When the thrombus goes to the trunk of the superficial vein, this is called ascending thrombophlebitis. And there are two facets: it can stop in the middle of the vein and not reach the point where it enters the deep vein, or it can reach the peak where it joins the deep vein. The second case is called the risk of flotation into the deep vein or the risk of deep vein thrombosis, which is much more serious than superficial vein thrombophlebitis.

Consequences of thrombus formation
A favorable outcome means that the thrombus resolves on its own, but the varicose veins remain. In this case, the remaining varicose vein can be painlessly removed and everything will be fine.

If a thrombus dives into a deep vein, it leads not only to superficial vein thrombophlebitis, but also to deep vein thrombosis, which has a number of negative consequences:

After the thrombus is dissolved, the deep veins can develop what is called post-traumatic illness, which is accompanied by swelling, distention of the limbs, and severe pain.
If the thrombus remains in the deep veins, pulmonary embolism occurs. In this case, the clot enters the pulmonary artery. This is a serious illness that can be fatal.34cd1693504bc3ea4a3e930d95f3ed7f6f3221a6
If there is an acute form of superficial vein thrombophlebitis, you can notice a hard red, thickening under the skin itself, it is sensitive to touch. When a deep vein is affected, the leg may be sore and swollen. The longer you don’t see a phlebologist, the worse the consequences of a blood clot.

Occlusive and non-occlusive thrombosis
Occlusive and non-occlusive thrombosis can also develop. The first occurs when the lumen of the vein is completely filled with thrombotic masses. This pathology is manifested by pale skin, absence of pulsation and pain. Accordingly, non-occlusive – when the lumen is not completely filled.

It is necessary to take the situation seriously, not to self-medicate. Choosing not to do anything in the presence of a thrombus is a fatal path, which no doctor will advise. A responsible attitude towards your own health and a healthy lifestyle is the key to the prevention of any disease. Our professional team of specialists will be able to find the right individual approach to each patient and prescribe the necessary treatment.